Eurasian state and its administration

Marius Vacarelu

 Ph.D in Administrative Sciences, Lecturer in the National School of Political and Administrative Studies, Bucharest, Romania.

 1. Eurasian state can be created. In fact, somehow we can say that its basics was created many years ago, when some clever people looks on the world map and realized a new kind of interpretation of history and geography: as in Moliere, Eurasia exists century before scientist understand its existence.

However, in the 21st century, if we want to create a state, we must organize it very well, because the lack of economic and administrative efficiency destroy any potential idea. Today only the effective results for citizens can offer their support for politicians. At the moment when the famous social contract is violated by politicians weaknesses, the consequence is their replacement and, sometimes, even revolutions.

Anyway, in our text we start from the hypothesis of soon existence for an Eurasian state. On this time, we must describe what are the main problems and main conditions to create a coherent state, a functional one.

As I wrote in another text[1], legislative context for state creates loyalties of the microbe of destruction: if the general legal state settlement is bad, sooner or later the end is unstoppable, just the consequences are different and the number of politicians who disappear will be huge.

Eurasia means an immense territory, which cannot be easy imagined being functional, because:

Where is the capital?

Where are situated the main political institutions (President, Parliament, and Government)?

Where is the Supreme Court of Justice of Eurasia?

What is the only one currency of Eurasia (because, without a single currency, all debate about an Eurasian state is sterile, without any other comments)?

What quantity of gold is available to guarantee the Eurasian single currency?

What is the single language used to develop a real administration and education for Eurasia? The simple existence of a second official language (which is possible to be different, depending by region) means in the fact that the state cannot have a real national administration from center to periphery. If a state is not able to impose a single language for its educational system and for its public administration, sooner or later it will be separated, no matter army or special police acts against separatist tendencies.

2. Eurasian state must answer to these questions and not only for these – I presented also the problem of real geographic limits of this entity – and any political project who wants to fulfill this state construction must analyze all these problems I presented.

In fact, without a real analyze, is better to stop the project; what is good: to start fast something and to have a great failure, or to make a correct analyze, understand conclusion and act with slow speed, but without any obstacles made by the analyses’ missing.

Festina lente, this is the Latin proverb, and history proved us too many times that the speed provoke more problems on the state administration, which is translated into suspicious relations between state rulers (the center, as generally term) and local administration, between public servants and citizens, between businessmen and politicians, between different ethnic groups from the state, which will be finished – after local protests, for sure, with a separation (more or less bloody).

In any case, the European Union represents a model to watch, to analyze and to not repeat its mistakes. In fact, Winston Churchill said that humanity will never do the same mistakes who led to the World War II, but, for sure, the stupidity is too big in politics, so, it will be new mistakes (who are able to lead to the World War III).

Thus, we must watch some aspects related to European Union administration, which are possible to be done in the construction of Eurasian state – a scientist must present the truth, and the politicians must adopt the last decisions. In this equation, if politicians will act without reading main analyses about new chessboards, the result will be the same – negative – but it will be faster and they don’t need to blame universities or intellectuals – they made their job, is their mission to understand scientific products and to respect them (and their authors).

3. In fact, the first steps who must be made to fulfill the Eurasian project, after it will offered a correct answer to main question (see section 1.) Any state, after its creation, must have a Constitution and a public administration. Without them, the efficiency is 0 !

Speaking about the Constitution, we must settled a lot of things, from the fundamental rights to the fundamental obligations; a flag able to symbolize something for all Eurasian inhabitants, an anthem – who must be created – who must be able to replace all other national anthems and to create loyalty for the new kind of state.

Of course, the separation of powers is compulsory, because we must imagine who are the real powers of the ministers and president inside such a big state: it can be also some regional ministers, but the hierarchic principle cannot be replaced and its consequences are very important.

Eurasia means a big territory, so, it will be necessary to understand how much degrees of jurisdictions must be. Because of this dimension, some characteristics of judiciary system must be presented in Constitution. Here it must be created a clear system between Eurasian judiciary institutions, because the legal system and law appliance must be predictable.

Having a national Eurasian justice, we must add two special instances:

a) Constitutional Court of Eurasia, because every law and every act must respect the Constitution;

b) Administrative Tribunals, because they must be capable to solve some special litigations, which have the main subject administrative institutions and their relations with citizens and private actors (companies, NGOs and citizens). If this kind of tribunals will not be created, the justice will be suffocated by the huge number of cases, the real justice – understood as the process to punish the bad people and to recompense the good ones – being delayed, and this will not create the real confidence and trust between state, state authorities and citizens.

4. In the same time, we must underline some problems who will appear from the beginnings of the new Eurasian state. This kind of state – by its dimension – cannot be created by politicians, it must be created by citizens.

To explain this idea, we must underline that the national states are very old in region – their history is more that 2000 years in most cases, so – it appeared a national identity and an national loyalty inside every state; more than that – there is also a regional identity inside every national state who must unite now into Eurasian state.

So, here is not enough the political wish and the presence of police to control the society – and to protect against criminals. A state without citizen’s trust – today, on the internet age – is not resisting, because the mutual confidence miss and people will see the police not as an social institution create by state to fight against criminals, but an institution create by state to watch citizens, to control their public voice and to forbid social and political rights.

5. The second idea who must be solved inside new Eurasian state is the internal frontiers and transport. An Eurasian state must be efficient on internal economy and, much more, in its commercial relations with other states, because without a normal comfort – a good level (as average) of life for every citizens – the trust in state authorities will decrease strongly.

In this paradigm, we must note that the freedom of transport must increase, because merchandises must be transported fast, inside internal market. A big state means a good transport framework, a strong link between big towns by train and highways, to decrease the costs of goods inside the country. Without this, it will appear big differences on the supply chain and the social tensions will appear.

In the same time, an Eurasian state means also the freedom to travel for every citizens, less administrative barriers, no passports and cheaper transport, because there are no taxes inside state. So, this freedom is useful for everyone, to can go on every town he wanted to work or to study, or, for sure, for holidays.

In the same time, there are two more problems, consequence of this natural freedom of travel – who is impossible to be prohibited by any administrative measures, the social pressure will be so huge and even the strongest politician cannot accept this risk for his career:

  1. The main problem inside Eurasia will be the internal migration from the poorest regions to the richest ones, who is able to create a lot of locative problems and not only. In this case, we must note that Eurasia is a very complex system of populations and languages, which are quite complicates to be understood. More than that, there are always tensions between immigrants and the people from rich towns who see the new guests, and for this the social climate of towns will be affected. The differences will increase and will be stronger, being quite complicate for local administrations to solve all internal migration problems; medical services will receive a special pressure too from the born rate of immigrants.
  2. The criminals will use very well this liberty of travel, because a good part of police controls will disappear – no borders, no control – only something by routine on highways and speed roads traffic. In this case, for sure drugs will increase their position on the main towns, the young generation being more affected by this lack of borders. This reality must be correlated with the linguistic ones – if the criminal gangs will be structured on the linguistic / regional / former nations criteria, it will be very complicate for police to fight against them, because now whole Eurasia is their limit of action (criminals), but not for police, who is structured by administrative circumscriptions, who creates more internal barriers for the police than for criminals.

         6. The Eurasian state administration will be quite decentralized, in a good part of its actions. But this is not very good and efficient for the Eurasian capital and its political structures. In fact, there is a danger, to not let the provinces too strong, creating a power competition between state level and local administrative level.

What it can be the solution in this case?

First of all, a special Administrative code, where the main actions and main attributions of state, its institutions and for sure of local administration will be settled into a coherent system, because any lack in this legal construction will cost much more administrative decision appliance, with bad consequences for mutual trust between public institutions and citizens.

In the second time, the politics of local autonomies inside Eurasia must be very correct settled, because this is the key of central regime – without local autonomies, is impossible to rule in an efficient way; if these autonomies are too develop, it appear the danger of internal separation.

Apparently is not complicate to create this system of autonomies, but the practice is different, there are economic differences, old and historic rivalries between regions and populations, different level of infrastructure development who made some regions more attractive than others, changing – by internal migration – the social structures, and local authorities will have – or not – possibilities to solve problems – depending by the administrative competences offered by central legislation (the Constitution of Eurasia and Eurasian Administrative Code).

7. The main issue for a real and coherent Eurasian state is the rule of law. Without rule of law, the state will be menaced by the same internal conditions who attacked the Soviet Union and few others more, because the 21st century is the money century – and not of the idealism.

In fact, to protect not only the citizens, but also the center of state by local pressures and local administration by the center political and administrative powers, is compulsory that the rule of law must be strongly implemented.

Rule of law and democracy are both desirable attributes of a political system. Scholars writing of democratic transitions from authoritarian rule usually argue that the goal of such a transition is the establishment of democracy with the rule of law, implying that both may be achieved simultaneously. Perhaps that is so. What is often meant by rule of law is no more than the notion that government should work its will through general legislation, legislation to which the governors themselves are subject, rather than through irregular decrees and ad hominem proclamations[2].

But rule of law may require more than this: it may require that people are able to foresee accurately the legal consequences of their actions and not be subject to sudden surprises whether or not these take the form of legislation, or perhaps that the law contain, or at least not violate, certain substantive principles and rights[3].

Democratic rule minimally requires government by the people or their representatives, elected on a broad franchise. But, in some conceptions, it too may require more than that. Clearly, the more capacious definitions of democracy and rule of law, as values or aspirations, can bring them into conflict with one another.

Moreover, democracy and rule of law are embodied in distinct institutional systems. Democracy principally concerns electoral institutions, governments, and legislatures. Law operates through courts, police, and lawyers. To be sure, there is an intersection – the legislature, and perhaps the jury trial – where democracy and law come into close contact.

Conclusions

Eurasian state can exists, but it must be done to function well, without many tensions inside. For this, just the political wishes are not enough, because politics is made on big buildings with condition air, but the reality “on street” is different – poorness is the main enemy of every political project.

For a good level of Eurasian public administration, it must be created coherent system of institutions and a real rule of law system. Without them, the main conditions for an efficient social contract between citizens and Eurasian state rulers will be violated, who means that internal coherence will miss. And, for sure, as always history teach us (historia, magistra vitae, as always Latin said), this lack of mutual trust is solved only by internal wars or state separation. And, in this equation, who pay the costs?


[1] http://www.geopolitica.ru/node/1639#.UU8BDFdhrAu

[2] J. M. Maravall, A. Przeworki: Democray and the Rule of Law, Cambridge University Press, 2003, p. 242

[3] E. Balan: Institutii administrative / Administrative institutions, C.H. Beck, Bucharest, 2008, p. 38

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